Berlanga, Luis


Berlanga, Luis
b. 1921, Valencia
   Filmmaker
   One of the famous three B" s (see also Buñuel, Luis; Bardem, Juan Antonio) during the Franco regime, Berlanga studied at the IIEC from 1947 to 1950 along with Bardem and produced with him Esa pareja feliz (That Happy Couple) (1951). They both wrote the script for Bienvenido, Mr Marshall (Welcome, Mr Marshall) (1952) but when Bardem had to sell his share in the company Berlanga became sole director. Both films broke with tradition by taking as their subject the lives, dreams and disillusionment of ordinary people, and, like Bardem, Berlanga was to be the victim of harsh censorship.
   When the script and the film of Los jueves, milagro (Every Thursday a Miracle) (1957), a satire on villagers" religious credulity, was severely handled by the censors, he produced nothing further until Plácido, originally entitled Siente un pobre a su mesa (Seat a Poor Man at Your Table) (1961). An exposé of the superficiality of the charity of the rich, the film was the first fruit of his collaboration with the screenwriter Rafael Azcona. El verdugo (The Executioner) (1963), a "black comedy" considered among his best, again met with official disapproval and he produced his next (and worst) film La boutique (1967) in Argentina. Tamaño natural (Life Size) (1973), made in Paris, was banned from Spain for two years.
   After the death of Franco Berlanga produced the first and most successful of a trilogy of farces featuring the Spanish aristocracy, La escopeta nacional (The National Shotgun) (1977). In 1985 he realized a project begun in the mid-1950s, La vaquilla (The Little Bull), a highly entertaining story set in Civil War times which was a boxoffice triumph. Todos a la cárcel (Everyone Off to Jail) won Goya Prizes for best film and best director in 1994.
   Further reading
   - Higginbotham, V. (1988) Spanish Cinema under Franco, Austin, TX: University of Texas Press (one of the most comprehensive surveys of this period).
   EAMONN RODGERS

Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture. 2013.

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  • Berlanga, Luis G. —     (1921 )    Among the key Spanish auteurs, Luis G. Berlanga s greatness as an artist and his place in Spanish cinema are the hardest to convey to foreign audiences. Some specialists have claimed his sense of humor is too Spanish, his world too …   Guide to cinema

  • Berlanga, Luis G. —     (1921 )    Among the key Spanish auteurs, Luis G. Berlanga s greatness as an artist and his place in Spanish cinema are the hardest to convey to foreign audiences. Some specialists have claimed his sense of humor is too Spanish, his world too …   Historical dictionary of Spanish cinema

  • Berlanga, Luis García — • БЕРЛА НГА (Berlanga) Луис Гарсия (р. 12.6.1921)    исп. режиссёр, сценарист. Учился в ун те в Валенсии, в 1947 в Ин те изучения и практики кинематографии в Мадриде. В 1951 совм. с X. А. Бардемом создал ф. Эта счастливая пара . Социальная… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Berlanga, Luis García — ► (n. 1921) Realizador cinematográfico español. Empezó a ser conocido con Bienvenido, Mr. Marshall (1952), uno de sus mejores títulos junto a El verdugo (1964), Tamaño natural (1973), la trilogía La escopeta nacional (1978), Patrimonio nacional… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Luis García Berlanga — (born in Valencia, on 12 June 1921) is a Spanish film director and screenwriter.When young, he decided to study Philosophy but his true vocation pushed him to enter in 1947 the Institute of Cinematographic Investigations and experiences… …   Wikipedia

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  • Luis Garcia Berlanga — Luis García Berlanga Luis García Berlanga est un réalisateur et un scénariste espagnol né le 12 juin 1921. Filmographie 1948 : Paseo por una guerra antigua (Promenade sur une guerre ancienne, court métrage co réalisé avec Bardem)… …   Wikipédia en Français

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